Black bears can remain dormant for up to 5 months in winter. Black Bears of the Southern Appalachian’s (Blue Ridge and Smoky Mountains) are more active during winter season due to the warmer southern climate. With anthills they put their paw out along the anthill and allow the ants to cover their paws then lick the ants up. The American black bear is considered a threatened species in some areas. Black bear Characteristics. Huge bears tend to be male. A Black Bear’s scent is like their personal trademark, its how they communicate with each other. This gland guides the cubs to the proper things to eat and verifies they are eating the same as their mothers are. nature vs. nurture satirical essay jane eyre white privilege procrastination interview critical domestic violence sociological imagination conclusion friends poet christmas civil disobedience textual analysis. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Subphylum: Vertebrata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Ursidae Physical Characteristics. Black Bears usually begin breeding between 3 1/2 to 4 1/2 years of age. At this stage of exodus from the mother’s den the cubs have grown into what is called a “yearling,” no longer a cub and not quite an adult yet old enough to live on their own. 4. Black bears are large - They have erect, rounded ears; a long, narrow, brown muzzle; and a short tail. They have black colored fur, and lighter brown colored muzzles with black noses and a black stripe up the top of the muzzle. On average, Black bears in the southern mountains range for females, 250 to 300 pounds and male 300 to 400 pounds. Today their home range territory is mostly in Alaska and Canada. map... 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In fact, a bear can outrun a race horse over short distances, but has little endurance. Brown and American black bears are generally diurnal, meaning that they are active for the most part during the day, though they may forage substantially by night. Black Bears prefer solitude from humans, yet when confronted they’re more likely to indulge in mock-heroics before scampering up the nearest tree. Appearance: The Florida black bear (Ursus americanus floridanus), is one of 16 subspecies of the American black bear and is the only bear species in Florida.. Since bears like to hunt fish they are not shy of water. They begin climbing as cubs and continue all their lives. Black bears are one of the more common species in North America. Black bear: characteristics . It is forbidden to place a nutritive substance as bait to trap black bear, depending on the UGAFs, during the periods mentioned in the following table: UGAF. Of the grand total of 37 bears, 12 were harvested on the Wycoff Run study area, six in each year. Female Black Bears tend to stay in more confined familiar areas, knowing what’s commonly available for their cub’s provisions and a familiar den. During this early period of cub development, the cubs wrestle, tumble, run, play tag and love to climb trees, developing their sense of coordination and building their strength. Should you encounter a possible lost cub or cubs, you should contact Lisa at Appalachian Bear Rescue, she maintains a hotline for notifying the proper authorities for necessary bear cub rescue or recovery at (865) 448-0143. Breeding season begins each July followed by a gestation of 7 months, most cubs are delivered from mid January to mid February; litters consist of 1 to 3 cubs. •They have a keen sense of smell (a bear's sense of smell is seven times greater than a bloodhound's) and good hearing. Though their curiosity may spark encounters, black bear attacks are … black bear characteristics. The Black Bear’s nose and ears are comparable to a dog’s keen sense, and their sight is as good as a monkey. Though male bears usually mature a few months after female, some male bears can breed as early as 1 1/2 years old. •The lips of the black bear are free from the gums, and the bear uses them and their long, agile tongue to eat such foods as … Adult male Black Bears will devour cubs that wander away from their mothers or cubs separated due to their mother’s unexpected death. This isn’t to say a bear won’t chase down a deer if it’s hungry enough, using their 30 mph speed. After undertaking an assessment of the hair collected from the crime scene, we observed the following morphological characteristics; the form of the hair was curly and the color was black. After roughly 8 to 10 weeks, the cubs weigh about 5 pounds and can journey out of the den with their mother. Click the feathers to go to the Highlander site At its normal pace black bears waddle slowly and casually. Privacy In the continental United States they live in less than 20% of their original range. Their individual scent makes each bear aware of another bear’s personal foraging area, it tells bears which other bears to avoid. map... Sign As intelligence goes some scientist believe they’re nearly as bright as primates. If that doesn’t intimidate, the bear then makes rapid snaps of its jaw and pops it lips together. If there is water where they live they will exploit it for food. Many facts including growth rate, habitat, time of year, diet, and gender determine how big a bear will grow. In fact their baby cubs take to the water quickly. BEARS . Cubs remain with their mothers throughout the first year, and will den with momma bear the following winter. These Black Bears have lost most of their fear of humans; they can be very persistent beggars. Black bear paws have short claws to help them climb, dig, gather plant food, and attack small mammals. to find out first about our new feature stories, road trips and special offers Like humans, Black Bears are omnivorous, enjoying a large diet. They make their way up the tree in a spiral motion before descending rump first until their bottoms make contact with the forest floor. While in the trees, the cubs observe their domain, play and often take naps. CHARACTERISTICS. They prefer to pursue small critters like squirrels, chipmunks, woodchucks, mice, pack rats, and any other mammal that burrow. The medulla structure of the hair was vacuolated: it had a combination of large and small holes. writing, digital images, etc are the, Black Bears of the Blue Ridge Smoky Mountains, Sign Bears not only eat honey, they also eat the bees from beehives; the stingers don’t seem to discourage them. Their scent derives from their fur, which is transferred onto anything they come into contact with. PDF | Two geographically discrete populations of black bears (Ursus americanus) in Idaho were studied during 1973-76. Physical and Behavioral Characteristics. For more information concerning Black Bears of the Blue Ridge Smoky Mountains, continue to read our featured stories within the Highlander’s  “Black Bears of the Blue Ridge Smoky Mountains” series. Other species may be nocturnal, active at night, though female sloth bears with cubs may feed more at daytime to avoid competition from conspecifics and nocturnal predators. Approximately 150 cm long and with a height at the shoulder that varies from 100 to 120 cm, an adult black bear has a moderate-sized head with a rather straight facial profile and a tapered nose with long nostrils. Their nose is their guide; Black Bears have an exceptional sense of smell. Unlike their big cousin the grizzly bear, black bears are exceptionally good at climbing trees and will sometimes rest on strong limbs. Policy. Prohibited seasons. The tail is very short and inconspicuous. Bears are fast; they can run more than 60 kilometers an hour (37 mph) – that’s twice as fast as an Olympic sprinter. Their keen sense of smell gives them much information about their environment and foods they eat. Although there is a drop in body temperature, metabolic rate, and heart rate, they can awaken from their sleep to defend their cubs or ward off attacks if necessary. Top Tag’s. But this smaller bear is very shy and generally avoids confrontations. Information about black bear hibernation suggests they enter a partial state of the process. Their territory can range from a 5 square mile area for females and as much as a 25 square miles or more for young males that are establishing their own grounds, an area where 100 other bears might populate. The sound of their voice expresses how they feel such as happy, sad, angry, fretful or alarmed. Mothers use their paws to inform her cubs of her approval as well as disapproval. Human attacks are rare. Of the two species, black bears have a much larger range across the United States. When hiking it is a good idea to "announce" your presence by making noise. On the other hand, some polar bears must travel very far in search of food and may roam ranges of … Your e-mail addresses will not be sold or given away to anyone. Black bears will weigh more after they have bulked up in the summer prior to hibernation and before having baby cubs. Over the next three years they will grow to their full adult weight, totally maturity at about 4 years old. In the wild they eat a mostly 80% vegetarian diet though they are also classified as carnivores due to the basis of their tooth structure and a appetite for small mammals and fish when they can catch them. The bear will then either repeat all the same gesture as before or more often the bear will veer off the charge and run to a safer area, or in the worse case scenario, complete his or her intent if they feel they are being physically threatened. In fact they are protected in the states of Louisiana, Texas, and Mississippi. These bears are medium-sized and black or brown in color with a brownish snout. While other subspecies of the American black bear can have different coat colors from black to blonde to cinnamon, Florida black bears are black … Lost habitats have put serious pressure on some bears that are left with little patience due to shrinking food resources, most typical Black Bears find avoiding people to be a much easier solution, some bears just don’t know any better. A thriving black bear population reflects overall health in the forest. They wake up at times after long periods of sleep and will leave the den for short strolls then return for more deep sleep. black bear characteristics Essay Examples. The best defense is to back out of the area slowly. They will then charge to within 3 to 20 feet away from their suspect, slap one or both feet on the ground making a loud huffing noise. Female Black Bears, known as “sows,” mate once every two years, males mate annually. It’s best to remember that Black Bears can run at speeds up to 30-miles an hour, climbing a tree won’t help you, bears are great climbers and water won’t help you either, black bears are good swimmers. A “Bear Safety” feature is included in our Blue Ridge Highlander’s “Black Bears of the Blue Ridge Smoky Mountains.”. The mating ritual of Black Bears consist of male bears rubbing against trees, stripping off tree bark, biting trees or other wood surfaces in order set a scent that will attract female bears. Black Bears go into a winter sleep though their body temperature and metabolism stay near normal. The polar bear has many different unusual characteristics but the most common is. At eighteen months the cubs begin their journeys, exploring their independence, establishing a future range of their own for breeding and feeding purposes. Baby cubs are also voracious eaters. Asiatic black bear Southeast Asia and East Asia are home to three bear species: 1) the sloth bear of the Indian subcontinent; 2) sun bears (also known as Malayan bears) of southern Asia; and 3) moon bears (also known as Asiatic black bears) bears of Asia. An average adult male weighs about 300 pounds while females average about 170 pounds. At the top of the food chain they are not picky about their diet. The following spring its time for the litter to leave momma bear and set out on their own. At that point they venture on to live on their own. Female bears will rub against trees or other wood surfaces to make known their intentions for mating, staying close to their bait per-se for the arrival of male bears. To put their speed in perspective, bears can run 15 meters per second (50 feet per second). Relatively little is known about these bears. Their powerful hind legs add to their speed and climbing strength and they have excellent balance, a trait they learned as cubs. Black bears come in more colors than any other North American mammal. Trees or man-made structures can retain the scent for 3 or 4 weeks. Even if you see a cub left on their own, chances are the mother could be lurking close by and will perform a mock-attack or an actual attack if she senses danger. North American Black bears like to swim. Bears * About Us * Contact Us * Bear Cruelty. Black; Tan; Dark Brown; Skin Type Fur Top Speed 30 mph Lifespan 15 - 30 years Weight 100kg - 270kg (220lbs - 594lbs) Height 1.3m - 1.8m (4.25ft - 6ft) Age of Sexual Maturity 4 - 6 years Age of Weaning 6 - 8 months Pandas are the only bears that lack this Kilham Gland; pandas only eat bamboo limiting their need to explore other food groups. The head is small but is supported by a strong neck. They will eat field grasses, roots, tubers, nuts, berries of all kinds, fruits, and other foods. Records of human attacks are rare. Black Bears have great paw dexterity with their front feet, allowing them to be firm and gentle. In fact they are protected in the states of Louisiana, Texas, and Mississippi. On average, Black bears in the southern mountains range for females, 250 to 300 pounds and male 300 to 400 pounds. Black bear cubs leave small prints with no claw indentations. They are very strong with recorded cases of a black bear turning over 300 pound rocks with a single foreleg. Black Bear cubs learn what’s proper to eat, and what’s poison, by sniffing their mother’s breath to determine what they should consume. The Black Bear’s natural diet can consist of berries, nuts, roots, pinecones, pine seeds, fir needles, leaves, huckleberries, beechnuts, acorns, hickory nuts, honey and over 50 varieties of plant, not to mention the insects. This defense measure of the mother bear likely derives not so much from human threat, but from the obvious history of male bears that will often kill cubs for food, mother bears must be overly protective. Though Black Bears do have large teeth they are considered too lazy when it comes to big game hunting, such as deer. An attempt was made to correlate selected measured characteristics of black bears with their ages. A pregnant sow will gain an additional 30 to 50 % of her body weight eating as much as 4 times the normal. They may become protective if cubs are present and may bluff intruders with fake charges. Black bears den for various lengths of time governed by the diverse climates in which they live, from Canada to northern Mexico. The smell of available food, whether it’s fresh or disposed garbage, can cause them to turn from beggars to demanders, a serious concern for wild life management and humans. They have behavioral adaptations too, like being very timid. North American Black Bear Physical Characteristics Colour. Female bears are often very aggressive towards other female bears as well as male bears, protecting their food territory for their young. Toes are spread out. Cub training begins at this stage of growth, learning what to eat, how to climb trees and they even learn to swim. They also dine on carpenter ants from wood logs, grasshoppers, termites, yellow jacket and their nests and ant’s from anthills. What do they like to eat? Black bears are not true hibernators. They will nurse the mother who is often barely aware of their cubs feeding during their hibernation period. Black Bears make their sleeping dens in caves, large standing hollow trees, rocky overhangs or old decaying logs they dig out, where as their favorite daylight hangouts are trees, up in the branches out of harms way. Panhandling bears are technically referred to as “habitual bears” and always a problem all their own. The black bear is the smallest of the three species of bears inhabiting North America (black, brown/grizzly, and polar), has the widest distribution on the continent, and is the only bear living in the eastern United States.. Brandon could barely hold this healthy yearling. An actual hibernation consists of lower body temperature, heart rate, breathing rate and blood pressure. This is particularly true in soils that have a fair amount of sand such as grounds near lakes and rivers where they hunt for fish. They go “dormant” during the winter months. From spring through summer they eat when it suits them and enjoy napping a lot, when fall approaches they stuff themselves on forest harvests in order to build up an adequate layer of nourishing fat for the winter season. Black bears have a great sense for smelling and hearing, which make them very curious creatures. Bears climb trees for safety, to rob beehives, to look around, to take a nap or just for the sake of it. Most reliable way to distinguish a Black Bear skeleton from that of a Grizzly Bear: (Gordon 1977) Grizzly's 1st molar in lower jaw is longer than 20.4 mm (.8 in) and wider than 10.5 mm (.4 in) Other good ways to distinguish Black and Brown Bears: Grizzly has shoulder hump; Black Bear doesn't Historic information suggests black bear habitat included most of North America including Alaska, Canada, almost all of the lower 48 United States, and Mexico. 3. A common application of Black Bear scent last 24 to 48 hours as they intentionally rub their oils on rocks. In other areas they are actively hunted and are subject to open "hunting seasons". Today, the grizzly bear remains in a few isolated locations in … If you encounter a standing black bear, it is not threatening you. When in danger or hunting for prey they have the ability to burst into running mode with speeds up to 25 to 30mph. One of the more notable facts is that some do not hibernate as long or skip the process altogether when food is abundant. The difference in male/female weight can be up to 25% to 30%. They offer information on bear facts, show live videos of black bear dens, and offer rentals of “black bear boxes”, a box of materials to teach a unit on black bears for the price of $150. In fact wolves are weary of bears who monitor their hunting activities. The black bear’s coat has lots of layers of shaggy fur, which keeps it warm in cold winter months. One life long pleasure for all Black Bears is climbing trees. 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