Gao explains that the tunnel is made of 33 “elements” – huge hollow blocks measuring 590 feet (180 meters) long, 125 feet (38 meters) wide and 37 feet (11.4 meters) high. In a statement, the Highways Department told CNN that seven workers had died, and 275 had been injured, while working on Hong Kong’s link road and boundary crossing facility. Locals feared that the dark tunnel would spell disaster for the morals of the town's younger population. MANILA, Dec. 21 (Xinhua) -- China and the Philippines have recently signed contracts to build three more bridges in the capital Metro Manila to help improve traffic congestion, the Chinese embassy in the Philippines said on Monday. Kenny Williams / Alamy. Jinshajiang Bridge, China, 1,680 feet (2021) 3. China builds the world’s longest bridge over the sea in 2018 Xi Jinping, the president of China, has inaugurated the world’s longest bridge over the sea.The numbers needed to build it are incredible; a budget of 20 billion dollars, 400 thousand tons of steel, and 9 years to build it. imagebroker / Alamy. It is a road-rail bridge over the Yangtze River in Chongqing, with a total length of 1,741 meters. Library of Congress, Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link, Liantang-Heung Yuen Wai Boundary Control Point, 4.5 times the amount in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge. ANTHONY WALLACE/AFP/Getty Images. The ground floors of most houses have been converted to antique and craft shops while the upper floors are still used as private residences. Once the bridge is open, tourists – both from China and other countries – will be able to travel from Hong Kong’s airport to Macau and the mainland in about 45 minutes. PHOTO: To complete your CNN profile and ensure you are able to receive important account information, please verify your email address. Recently completed in the eastern coastal town of Qingdao, this engineering marvel is … An engineering marvel the Jiaozhou bay bridge has finally opened up after four years of construction. The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge will connect a relatively small city on the Chinese mainland with the two Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau. Built … We already get more tourists than the whole of the UK.” In 2016, Hong Kong welcomed 56.7 million tourist arrivals, whereas the UK received 37.6 million overseas visitors. Graca Victoria / Alamy. Spanning 34 miles (55 kilometers), this is the longest sea-crossing bridge ever built. Besides, the construction methods have also been carefully selected so as to minimize the impacts to the marine environment.”, The project’s worker safety record has also been criticized. A structural frame was created using 120 giant, hollow, steel cylinders, each one 165 feet (50 meters) high (equivalent to an 17-story building) and weighing 550 tons – about the same as an Airbus A380, the world’s largest passenger jet. China builds world’s longest bridge across the sea Yesterday China opened the world’s longest bridge across the sea , connecting Hong Kong with Macau on the mainland. DALE DE LA REY/AFP/Getty Images. Gao Xinglin, assistant director and senior engineer at the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge Authority, meets us half way along. This will be built by Chinese firm, China Communication Construction Company (CCCC) after it signed a deal with the country to design and build the bridge. The Beipanjiang Suspension Bridge soars a terrifying 1,854 feet above a river in southwest China's Guizhou province. Due to open to the public this summer, this long snake of bitumen will connect a relatively small city on the Chinese mainland with the two Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau. Construction workers building a road in Macau that will connect the territory to the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge. It is the world's longest bridge. “Hong Kong is bursting. “At present, the economic distribution is very uneven between the Pearl River Delta’s east and west coasts,” says Chan adding that, “the cities on the eastern side such as Hong Kong, Shenzhen and Dongguan are more economically developed than cities on the western side including Zhuhai, Jiangmen and Zhongshan.”. PHOTO: Like other critics, Mo believes that building the bridge was a political act. Introducing the Qingdao Haiwan Bridge, the world's longest bridge over seawater. Gao is visibly proud of his country’s monumental achievement. If an account exists, we've sent an email with a link to reset your password. Of the remaining $3.24 billion, Hong Kong put up $1.38 billion – a little less than Zhuhai ($1.43 billion), which received financial support from China’s central government, and considerably more than Macau ($0.43 billion) which, with a population of 610,000, is the smallest of the three cities. Building islands from scratch didn’t prove easy, either, says Xinglin. A spokesperson for Hong Kong’s Highways Department said: “The locations and alignments of the … infrastructure are carefully determined to avoid the Chinese white dolphin’s major active areas. Subscribe here! China Opens the World's Longest Sea Bridge. The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau bridge under construction. STR/AFP/Getty Images. PHOTO: Success! The big draw in Macau – a former Portuguese colony – is its casinos. Critics argue that the $20 billion infrastructure mega-project is politically driven and a costly white elephant. The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge -- from underneath. Marcos Chan, head of research for commercial real estate consultancy CBRE Hong Kong, Southern China and Taiwan, says the region is already very vibrant and economically productive. PHOTO: Puli Bridge, China, 1,591 feet (2015) 5. But with the main construction of the bridge now complete, officials are putting the finishing touches to the project – finalizing plans for customs arrangements and operations at checkpoint facilities, determining responsibility for emergency rescue operations, and negotiating toll prices. The Qingdao Haiwan Bridge -- at 26.4 miles long -- in Shandong Province is almost three miles longer than the Lake Pontchartrain Causeway in Louisiana, which was the … Please click the button below to agree to our Terms and Conditions and acknowledge our Privacy Policy. Japan's Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge spans 2.43 miles and connects the city of Kobe to Awaji Island. The region incorporates three borders (Hong Kong/China; Macau/China; Hong Kong/Macau), three different legal systems and three different currencies. D ropcap the popularization of the “ideal measure” has led to advice such as “Increase font … Mo says she is unsure that Hong Kong’s roads can cope with the extra vehicular traffic the bridge will bring, and she believes the territory doesn’t need any more tourists. “When it comes to linking the mainland to Hong Kong, we have air, sea and land linkages already. San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge was the longest and tallest suspension bridge in the world when it was completed in 1937. Called the world's longest cross-sea project, the bridge … 0. PHILIP FONG/AFP/AFP/Getty Images. CNN Sans ™ & © 2016 Cable News Network. With every setback the official opening date – originally planned for late 2016 – has been further delayed, which led some to doubt whether the bridge would ever come to fruition. The bridge has been plagued by criticism since its beginning. Over four years, China funnelled $785 million into the construction of the Maputo-Catembe Bridge. It will slash journey times between the three cities from three hours to 30 minutes, putting them all within an hour’s commute of each other. Nowadays, it is much loved by locals and no longer a cause for concern. The bridge is not the only cross-border development underway. Opened in 2011, it connects Shanghai to Nanjing along the Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway. A Warner Media Company. The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge was lit up in Hong Kong on Monday, days before opening for public use. Also called the Pearl Bridge, because it is said to resemble a beautiful string of pearls, the bridge is lit up in different seasonal or festive colors throughout the year. PHOTO: PHOTO: While the condition… Stretching more than 12 kilometers in length, it will … Krämerbrücke -- "Merchant's Bridge" --located in Erfurt, Germany, is a stone arch bridge dating back to 1325. In a few months’ time, this empty ocean highway will be filled with cars, buses, trucks and lorries, zipping between China, Hong Kong and Macau. “We excavated a foundation trench in the sea bed, laid a rock bed, then immersed the elements,” he says. There is no land in sight. China's President Xi Jinping (left) and Hong Kong's chief executive Carrie Lam (center) in Hong Kong, watching a presentation during a visit to the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau bridge on July 1, 2017. He says the bridge will make it easier for goods produced by factories on the west side to be exported from air and sea ports on the east side – including Hong Kong’s international airport, the busiest cargo airport in the world. Beipanjiang Bridge Duge, China 1,854 feet (2016) 2. The $20 billion Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge is the world's longest sea-crossing bridge. The breathtaking Millau Viaduct Bridge in southwestern France, designed by English architect Norman Foster and completed in 2004, measures 1,125 feet at its tallest point. Gao says the most technically difficult aspect was the construction of a four mile (6.7 kilometer) long submerged tunnel. Each element weighs 80,000 tons – about the same as an aircraft carrier. The three bridges, which … It is built to withstand earthquakes (a 7.2 magnitude earthquake hit in 1995), consistently strong tidal currents (9 knots), and wind gusts up to 179 mph. The three regional governments that collaborated on the project took financial responsibility for sections inside their own territories and shared the cost of the 14 mile (23 kilometer) long main bridge that runs between them. Opened on 29 April, 2009, with a main span of 552 meters, Chaotianmen Bridge in Chongqing is the longest arch bridge in the world, which connected 3 major commercial areas of this city. “The steel structures were manufactured in a workshop in Shanghai and then transported to the site by ship,” Gao tells CNN. Opponents see the bridge as a means by which to force assimilation and exert control. In December 2009, workers took part in an opening ceremony in Zhuhai, in southeast China's Guangdong province, to commemorate the start of construction work on the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge -- the world's longest sea-crossing bridge. Although the bridge is an engineering marvel, its construction has been dogged by controversy. It remains to be seen if the boost to connectivity will elevate China’s Greater Bay Area to new heights, and how much further it will bring Hong Kong and Macau into China’s powerful embrace. But this bridge is very visible … you can see it from the plane when you fly in to Hong Kong, and it’s breathtaking,” says Mo. After multiple delays, the bridge is due to open in summer 2018. Editor's Note: To mark the PRC's 70th anniversary, our series "Data Speaks" has dedicated five episodes to exploring China's stunning strides in the last seven decades. PHOTO: “To compete with other bay areas in the world, the Chinese government has to remove or reduce these barriers … and promote integration among the cities,” says Chan. Although the bridge is not yet open to the public, the main construction work has been completed and driving trials are being conducted. AFP/AFP/Getty Images. The Maputo-Catembe Bridge straddles the Indian Ocean inlet of the Espirito Santo estuary, hovering 60 metres above the azure waters below. The Chinese firm secured the project to build the Bahir Dar Abay Bridge by placing an offer, which was 15.3% higher than the engineer’s estimates. PHOTO: At a cost of US$49 million, Ethiopia is set to build its longest bridge. Holiday resorts, theme parks and golf courses are currently being developed on the offshore island of Hengqin. China opens world’s longest sea bridge and tunnel to connect Hong Kong and Macau to the mainland The 34.2 mile-long sea bridge cuts one commute from four hours to 45 minutes. China is already home to seven of the world's 10 longest bridges, including the world's lengthiest, the 102 mile Danyang-Kunshan rail bridge, which runs over land and water near Shanghai. That’s where the bridge comes in. See China’s new 34-mile-long bridge linking Hong Kong, mainland World’s longest sea-crossing span cost $20 billion, took almost decade to build The Beaufort Sea Road in Alaska is the world's longest ice bridge. Hangzhou Bay Bridge (simplified Chinese: 杭州湾大桥; traditional Chinese: 杭州灣大橋; pinyin: Hángzhōu Wān Dàqiáo; Wu: Han-tseu-uae du-jiau) is a long 35.7 km (22.2 mi) highway bridge with two separate cable-stayed portions, built across the mouth of Hangzhou Bay in the eastern coastal region of China.It connects the municipalities of Jiaxing and Ningbo in Zhejiang province. It … Cars will drive on the right along the Chinese sections of the bridge, and switch to the left in Hong Kong and Macau, to match the driving styles in each city. Updated The Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link, which will connect Hong Kong to China’s high speed rail network, and the Liantang-Heung Yuen Wai Boundary Control Point, a border crossing between Hong Kong and mainland China, are both due to open later this year. As we drive down the eerily deserted Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge, the murky waters of the Pearl River Delta stretch as far as the eye can see. GABRIEL BOUYS/AFP/Getty Images. This massive span of concrete and steel is not just proof of China’s ability to build record-setting megastructures – it’s also a potent symbol of the country’s growing geopolitical ambitions. PHILIP FONG/AFP/Getty Images. The $20 billion Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge is the world's longest sea-crossing bridge. See what potential user​s think of the project. Stretching more than 55km (34 miles), the Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge spans the Pearl River Delta and is an unparalleled engineering feat. Critics have also questioned the environmental and human toll and the immense financial cost of the project. Verification email has been resent. “You can’t see the existing transport connections – in a literal way. The tunnel runs between two artificial islands, each measuring one million square feet (100,000 square meters) and situated in relatively shallow waters. Check out The China Report, our new weekly newsletter. October 31, 2020. in Amazon (NASDAQ: AMZN), Walmart (NYSE: WMT), News, Travel. The elements were precast on Guishan Island, near Zhuhai, and transported to the construction site by floating pontoons and tugboats. Built to withstand a magnitude eight earthquake, a super typhoon, and strikes by super-sized cargo vessels, it incorporates 400,000 tons of steel – 4.5 times the amount in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge. It will slash journey times between the three cities from three hours to 30 minutes, putting them all within an hour's commute of each other. 4:58 AM EDT, Wed May 16, 2018. Spanning the Lianjiang River in Guangdong Province, the structure has been officially recognised by Guinness World Records as the longest glass-bottomed bridge in the world. Password reset email has been resent. Hong Kong’s total bill exceeds $9 billion. Chan believes the region could become “possibly the most attractive tourism hub in China.” But not everyone sees the benefits. It is considered an engineering wonder and its supporters say it will boost connectivity and tourism in the region. China takes the title for the longest rail bridge -- in fact the longest bridge of any kind -- with the 102 mile Danyang--Kunshan Grand Bridge. China To Build Indonesia’s Longest Bridge In North Kalimantan. According to various media reports, financing relating to the Maputo-Catembe Bridge project was granted as a loan agreement to the government of Mozambique. by boostnow. Imaginechina/Corbis. Why do we need this extra project?”. On December 23, more than 3,000 people showed up to walk across the new world’s longest glass bridge in Shijiazhuang in Northern China. China Plans to Build World's Longest Bridge Zhejiang, one of the most developed provinces in east China, is planning to build the world's longest bridge, a 36 … The tunnel is a crucial component because the Pearl River Delta is one of the busiest shipping areas in the world. It’s no surprise that Gao admits to having suffered sleepless nights. Photographed in the late 19th century the Caravan Bridge in the city of Izmir, Turkey, was built in 850 BC and is still standing -- and in use -- today. PHOTO: PHOTO: The Danyang–Kunshan Grand Bridge (simplified Chinese: 丹昆特大桥; traditional Chinese: 丹昆特大橋; pinyin: Dān-Kūn tèdà qiáo) is a 164.8-kilometre-long (102.4 mi) viaduct on the Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway. PHOTO: “Hong Kong has had to fund a lot of the bridge,” says Mo, “but we won’t see many benefits here.”. The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge runs alongside Hong Kong's international airport -- the busiest cargo airport in the world. “At present, visitors to Hong Kong from mainland China tend to fly in for one or two days, mostly for shopping, and seldom travel to other areas in the Pearl River Delta,” says Chan. A guard stands in front of toll booths at the Zhuhai entrance to the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge. © 2020 Cable News Network. Crossing the bridge will cost locals $2.60; an exorbitant amount of money by Mozambican standards. “It’s the largest gambling city in the world, and the only city where gaming is legal in the whole Greater China region,” says Chan. “The relevant requirements on occupational safety are included in the contract provisions of the public works contracts … Highways Department has also required contractors to strictly implement the safety measures.”. 1. Sidu River Bridge, China, 1,627 feet (2009) 4. According to the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge Authority over 4,000 vessels – everything from passenger ferries to container ships – cruise its waters every day. The bridge … ​Stretching more than 12 kilometers in length, it will be the longest structure over water in ​all of Latin America. Additionally, residents carry three different passports and identity cards, and speak two different languages (Cantonese and Mandarin). The official narrative is that greater regional integration will drive economic growth. But since the bridge was first suggested in 2003, it has stirred controversy. GYRO PHOTOGRAPHY/amanaimages/Corbis. A spokesman at Hong Kong’s Transport and Housing Bureau told CNN that Hong Kong spent an additional $4.57 billion on its Boundary Crossing Facilities, and $3.19 billion on a link road from the main bridge to the boundary crossing. A boat transporting construction workers' berths next to a column of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge as a plane prepares to land at Hong Kong's international airport. PHOTO: The bridge is a central plank in China's ambitious plans to develop the Greater Bay Area. Two Chinese companies, CCCC and CR20 signed a contract this week to build a much sought-after bridge in the Brazilian state of Bahia, connecting its capital Salvador with the island of Itaparica. The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge is a central plank in China’s master plan to develop its own Greater Bay Area – a region it hopes will develop to rival the bay areas of San Francisco, New York and Tokyo in terms of technological innovation and economic success. The speed limit has been set at 62 miles (100 kilometers) an hour, and it has been decided that cars will drive on the right along the Chinese sections of the bridge, and switch to the left in Hong Kong and Macau, to match the driving styles in each city. To make the best use of the massive stimulus package, China is to build the world's longest bridge to connect mainland China,Hong Kong and Macao to bring the economic ties closer. A consortium of construction companies formed under the China Communications Construction Company (CCCC), CCCC South America Regional Company, and China Railway 20 Bureau Group Corporation have signed an agreement with the state of Bahia, Brazil to build the longest cable sea bridge in Brazil that will link the city of Salvador to the island of Itaparica. World's longest sea bridge is almost finished after China spends £12bn and seven years building the mammoth overpass that stretches 34 MILES … Since then, those records have been surpassed by numerous other bridges but with 10 million camera-toting visitors a year, the Golden Gate Bridge is by far the most photographed. PHOTO: Zhuhai, sometimes referred to as China’s Florida on account of its balmy climate and lush vegetation, is a family-friendly destination. At 1,282 feet long, it is both the world's longest covered bridge and a National Historic Site of Canada. While the true need for the bridge is disputed, it is undeniably an extraordinary feat of engineering. The longest, highest and fastest-built on the planet: "Unparalleled" is perhaps the best word to describe the scale and ingenuity of China's bridge … When the cover of the Hartland Bridge -- which crosses the Saint John River in New Brunswick, Canada -- was built in 1921, it attracted controversy. Mo also believes that Hong Kong has spent too much money on the bridge. China is already home to (now the second) longest sea bridge, which spans 26.3 miles. Beijing ICP prepared NO.16065310-3, Chinese companies to build longest bridge over water in Brazil. You see it, and you know you’re linked up to the motherland.”. Firm to build longest bridge By Lu Haoting (China Daily) Updated: 2007-07-14 06:51. “The bridge is a waste of money,” says Claudia Mo, an independent lawmaker who supports greater democracy in Hong Kong. Two Chinese companies, CCCC and CR20 signed a contract this week to build a much sought-after bridge in the Brazilian state of Bahia, ​connecting its capital Salvador with the island of Itaparica. The bridge is a central plank in China's ambitious … Environmental groups including WWF and the Hong Kong Dolphin Conservation Society, for example, have argued that its construction has further endangered Hong Kong’s beleaguered population of Chinese white dolphins. “It links Hong Kong to China almost like an umbilical cord. At 20 times the length of California's Golden Gate Bridge, the newly opened bridge linking the southern Chinese cities of … As tensions simmer between the mainland and Hong Kong and Taiwan, and China continues to claim territory in the South China Sea, the bridge can be seen as a physical manifestation of the Chinese leadership’s determination to exert its regional influence. Copyright © 2020 CGTN. China's giant "Bridge of Death" attempts to push Hong Kong closer to mainland China. “It takes up less than 1% of the land area of China and is home to less than 5% of the population but produces 12% of China’s GDP.” When compared to countries around the world, he says “the Greater Bay Area already has the 11th largest economy.”. The first episode is on China's record bridge-building. Fortunately, the bridge has SO MANY problems. Dropcap the popularization of the “ideal measure” has led to advice such as “Increase font size for large screens and In the wake of Occupy Hong Kong – the 2014 pro-democracy protests which rocked the territory – Beijing has tightened its grip on the city. At 7,709 feet long, the Evergreen Point Bridge, which carries traffic across Lake Washington in Seattle, is the world's longest floating bridge -- it relies on more than 70 concrete pontoons. Success! The speed limit on the bridge has been set at 62 miles (100 kilometers) an hour. Information supplied by the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge Authority has revealed that the total cost of the main bridge was $7.56 billion, $4.32 billion of which was funded with bank loans. STEPHANE DE SAKUTIN/AFP/Getty Images. The idea of a Greater Bay Area was first raised in 2009, but development has been hampered because “there are lots of barriers between the cities,” Chan says. The bridge is also intended to boost tourism. All Rights Reserved. PHOTO: Yes, it's made of pure Arctic ice. A key reason for building the bridge is that it will facilitate the export of goods from factories located on the west side of the Pearl River Delta. As we are buffeted by a strong wind, the tough conditions his construction crew experienced, as they perched on precarious platforms, working miles from land and high over the water, are evident. The team used hydraulic hammers to drive the cylinders into the seabed, then filled the cylinders and the enclosed area with sand. 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