The Mughal Empire was an empire which extended over large areas of the Indian subcontinent and ruled over the Indians for many decades. 4 Women could not participate in economic activities such as seeking formal employment. Wives and concubines of the sultan would try to make their children heir to the throne. Safavid Social-Social Structure from top to bottom: Shah, bureaucrats, merchants and landowners, peasants and slaves-Patriarchy. They took part in the Mogul family society in multiple ways while performing different jobs. It also came to terms with the Tajik aristocracy, which included the established ulama. During 16th and 17th centuries, its territory, in addition to Middle East, included Anatolia, ... positive role model of courage and resistance against tyranny and is celebrated during . Women in Safavid Empire: Recent evidence suggests otherwise: There was a struggle against these restrictions Some women openly refused to wear face covers while in public Women donned bright clothing in defiance @ court women played an important political role (indirectly) and were often deeply involved in political conspiracies Social Structure & Gender Roles Decline of Empire How and why did this empire collapse? The Ottoman Empire ran for over many centuries and consisted of a complex governmental organization which has the Sultan at the top of the pyramid of the hierarchical structure. Both were dominated, particularly in the earliest phases by warrior aristocracies, which shared power that the absolutist monarchs of each empire and enjoyed prestige and luxury in the capital and on rural estates The Ottoman Empire was founded by Osman I in the 14th century and reached its apex under Suleiman the Magnificent in the 16th century, stretching from the Persian Gulf in the east to Hungary in the northwest and from Egypt in the south to the Caucasus in the north. The Ottomans emerged into a dominant Muslim force in Anatolia and the … Therefore, a social construction of one society would be different from another society. Islamic Law protected women’s rights (in theory ). The army itself ceased to be reliable and began to loot and plunder the empire's inhabitants. . The Safavid dynasty (/ ˈ s æ f ə v ɪ d, ˈ s ɑː-/; Persian: دودمان صفوی ‎, romanized: Dudmâne Safavi, pronounced [d̪uːd̪ˈmɒːne sæfæˈviː]) was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Iran from 1501 to 1736. The dynasty began as a Sufi order but evolved into a major gunpowder empire. During the expansion of the empire, the Safavid regime closely resembled the Aqquyunlu and Timurid regimes that it supplanted. God and Muhammad were at the very top, God being the first and foremost. References: Wiki entry on Safavid Dynasty; Shapour Ghassemi, History of Iran: Safavid Empire, 1502-1736 of inheritance for decent treatment by spouses to divorce in “intolerable” marital situations 3. THE OTTOMAN DYNASTY created the most enduring empire in human history. Powerbase The solid powerbase is an important factor that legitimized the rule of the Ottoman and Safavid empires. Safavid dynasty, ruling dynasty of Iran from 1501 to 1736, known especially for its architectural achievements and its establishment of Twelver Shi‘ism among various ethnic and linguistic groups throughout Iran as a major unifying factor. . In 1501, the Safavid Shahs declared independence when the Ottomans outlawed Shi'a Islam in their territory. The Safavids launched a vigorous campaign to convert what was then a predominantly Sunni population by persuasion and by force. After that came the caliphs, who were Muslim rulers. T he Decline and Fall of the Safavid Empire is at NYUAD on September 14 from 6.30pm to 8pm and is open to the public. The Qing Dynasty in China was a time of growth and prosperity in China; however, little social progress was was made in the lives of women. Agra was the capital of the Mughal Empire whereas Persian was the main language spoken by the people. The women would control activities in these farms. While the Chinese were binding women’s feet, Mongol women were riding horseback, fighting in battles, tending their herds and influencing their men on important decisions for the Mongolian Empire. One of the only similarities between these societies … Women in the Mogul Empire Conclusion Depending on the class, women in the Mogul Empire led very different lives. Emperors could have multiple wives and they typically spent more time with their favorite ones. What one needs to realize, though, is that many of the gender roles in Russia come down to ideas of love and marriage. the structure indicating, “Gender is a social structure or socially organised set of ... then the Safavid empires. They were warriors and advisers in political matters, and some women could KEY CONCEPT 4.2 New Forms of Social Organization and Modes of Production Traditional peasant agriculture increased and changed, plantations expanded, and demand for labor increased. It's a balancing act. The social structure was characterized by role differentiation based on gender. The social structure was characterized by role differentiation based on gender. The Safavid Empire was not a conquest state: Safavid conquest did not imply a change in the form of administration. Ottoman Empire existed from 1299 to 1923. Safavid Economic ... -Birth played a dominant role-Zamindars: a nobility class in India that functioned as officials/bureaucrats in the Mughal Empire If you want to run an empire, there is a toolkit. 1* . In this paper, gender role and the position of women in the Islamic culture is discussed. Religion Religion in the Safavid Empire - the negatives One of Shah Ismail's most important decisions was to declare that the state religion would be the form of Islam called Shi'ism, that at the time was completely foreign to Iranian culture. The dynamics of the Mughal Empire’s social structure fell in between that of a feudal system and a centralized system. There was a systemic administrative organization in the empire which developed further into a dual system of civil administration and military administration. S - Social Structure. 20, pgs. The Safavid dynasty had its origin in the Safavid order of Sufism, which was established in the city of Ardabil in the Iranian Azerbaijan region. Women's roles in gunpowder empires 1. Safavid dynasty; finally, we will look at the observations of the court travelers about different sorts of women in this period. The Seljuk Empire was a medieval empire that existed between the 11th and 12th centuries. The Americans are now supposedly in decline. Topic 3.1 Ming/Qing Dynasty China AMSCO: Ch. In other words, they were not supposed to participate in socio-political life. Still, while women were highly valued participants in Mongol society, they still held less rank than their fathers, husbands and brothers. These changes both fed and responded to growing global demand for … The Ottomans originally migrated from Central Asia as nomads and settled in the early 14th century as a military Turkic principality in western Anatolia (present-day TURKEY), between the frontier zone of the Seljuk state and the Byzantine Empire. First and second authors contributed equally to the paper. Asked by ... (when it stopped expanding,the empire went into a long decline). The Safavid Empire dates from the rule of Shah Ismail (ruled 1501-1524). Although the Seljuks were originally a Turkic people, they intermarried with the Persians and adopted much of their culture and language. Recent Researches in Social Science, Digital Convergence, Manufacturing and Tourism ISBN: 978-1-61804-003-9 137. Society and Gender Roles: Ottoman and Safavid Comparison. Social structure in the Islamic Empire was less strict than other empires', such as the Medieval Europeans', but it was still there. What ethnic heritage to the Ottomans, a Sunni group, share with the ... Society and Gender Roles: Ottoman and Safavid Comparisons. India was split up into many different villages and kingdoms like Delhi, Bengal, Rajasthan, Bahmani Kingdom, and the Empire of Vijayanagar. What sort of structure was most commonly built by sultans to beautify ... What modern Middle East country was the center of the Safavid dynasty? With the overthrow of Shah Soltan Hosein (r. 1694 - 1722) by Mir Mahmud Hotaki, an Afghan warrior, in 1722 the Safavid Empire had come to a close. The Shah had the absolute power over the state - and complex system of bureaucracy and rules was established so they can prevent any type of fraud. The Songai Empire and its religion and social structure were strongly connected to the religion of Islam and the gold-for-salt trade. It is reported that women were isolated and relegated to the harems. Describe gender roles: Women played social and political roles at court. 20, pgs. Be SPECIFIC. It can be broken down in to four distinct groups that, just like most cultures, seemed to depend on wealth as the deciding factor of social class. The mughal social structure. The biggest moment in the life of a Russian is the day that they get married (followed closely by having children), because it revolves around the love that two people share. Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires Mr. Ito AP World History El Segundo High School The Mughals were known for their rules, governance and dynasty. The highest social ranking during the era of the Qing Dynasty was the emperor. Compare and contrast the gender roles of the Ottoman empire and the Safavids? There are some examples of the ways that women had some protections. First, in the wealthy families, they were the in-charge of the household. Wealth families possessed huge properties, such as many houses, animals, vast lands, and colossal numbers of servants. Key Takeaways Key Points. They also had a group of advisors with whom they typically discussed important issues and decisions. In addition to Russia, the Islam empires were the Ottoman, Safavid and the Mughal empire. Before the Mughal Empire the social structure was very unorganized. Ottoman, Safavid, & Mughal Empires Women’s status 2. ... define them. Women played many roles in the Ottoman Empire, as per their designated social position. They are most famous for their invasions and battles against the Byzantine Empire and later their role in the First Crusade. 327-328; 491-499 Location: Dates: Topic 3.2 Russian Empire Location: Dates: Topic 3.2 Tokugawa Japan AMSCO: Ch. 372-377 World Civilizations: pgs. The Safavids gave up on the smart way of doing that and there is a lesson there for empires in general." The advisors were next in line in the Qing social structure. They took part in the first Crusade intermarried with the Persians and much! 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