Molly Pitcher at the Battle of Monmouth, lithograph by Nathaniel Currier. Updates? Washington did not follow. The battle fought on 28 th June 1778 by the American Continental Army against the British, after the 1777/8 winter spent training under Steuben. Philadelphia could no longer be safely defended and New York was at risk. Rather than risk fighting a delaying action on difficult terrain, Lee ordered a retreat but was tardy giving Washington notice. Battles of the Revolutionary War: 1780. Battle Summary. On this day in history, June 28, 1778, the Battle of Monmouth is the last major battle of the American Revolution in the north. The Battle of Monmouth was an American Revolutionary War (or American War of Independence) battle fought on June 28, 1778 in Monmouth County, New Jersey. On hearing that American Gen. Charles Lee had ordered a retreat, Gen. Washington becomes furious. The French commander was under orders to avoid battle if possible, in order to maintain a fleet in being. Commanders: American: George Washington British: Henry Clinton. There are 187 days left to the end of the year. An American counterattack on the British right forced the Redcoats to fall back and reorganize. https://www.britannica.com/event/Battle-of-Monmouth-1778, Military History Encyclopedia on the Web - Battle of Monmouth, United States History - Battle of Monmouth. The battle was an emphatic victory for the Patriot militia and one of the bloodiest battles in the war. June 28, 1778 at Freehold, New Jersey. In order to strike a vigorous blow at the retreating enemy, American general George Washington ordered Charles Lee, commanding the advance guard, to attack the British rear. June 28th (1778) was a Sunday. Result: Tactical draw, with Washington's men holding the field the following morning. On June 28, Major-General Charles Lee’s forces engaged a portion of the British army near Monmouth Court House (present-day Freehold, New Jersey). Outraged, Washington rallied and re-formed the men to delay until his following units were in a battle line. Battle of Brandywine, (September 11, 1777), in the American Revolution, engagement near Philadelphia in which the British defeated the Americans but left the Revolutionary army intact. The British surrender at Saratoga brought the French into the war as American allies in February 1778. George Washington at the Battle of Monmouth (1778) during the American Revolutionary War. Gen. Clinton then continues on toward New York. Casualties: Continental Army 399; British 358. Increased French aid to the Continentals was very slow in coming; coordinated military activity between the two new allies was even slower to happen. He abandoned Philadelphia and marched his army north. On a hot and humid June 28, 1778, General George Washington and his subordinate, General Charles Lee, attacked rearguard elements of General Sir Henry Clinton’s British Army. HISTORICAL MAP | The Battle of Germantown, Pennsylvania on October 4, 1777. What happened on June 27, 1778. June 28, 1778 - Battle of Monmouth, New Jersey Troops: Continental Army 11,000; British 14-15,000. Battle of Monmouth. On the afternoon of this day in 1777, General Sir William Howe and General Charles Cornwallis launch a full-scale British attack on General George Washington and the Patriot outpost at Brandywine Creek near Chadds Ford, in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, on the road linking Baltimore and Philadelphia. America Has a Flag. The main British achievement of 1777 had been the capture of Philadelphia, but in the changes circumstances of 1778, with the main focus of the British war effort now directed against the French, Philadelphia was no longer seen as an asset. The fighting see-sawed back and forth under the brutal June sun for several hours. This contribution has not yet been formally edited by Britannica. Historical Events for 28th June, 1778 » The Continental Army or American Continentals engage the British in the Battle of Monmouth Courthouse resulting in standstill and British withdrawal under cover of darkness. On June 19, 1778, after six months at Valley Forge, the Continental Army marched in pursuit of Clinton’s troops up toward New York. On a hot and humid June 28, 1778, General George Washington and his subordinate, General Charles Lee, attacked rearguard elements of General Sir Henry Clintons British Army. Battle of Monmouth, 1:00pm - 5:30pm - June 28, 1778 The American Battlefield Trust's map of the Battle of Monmouth In the wake of the British evacuation of Philadelphia, General George Washington was anxious to test the revitalized Continental Army. General “Mad” Anthony Wayne assumed command over other elements of Lee’s force and manned Lafayette’s front. What began as a promising opportunity devolved into a potential disaster. Clinton rested his men until midnight, then he slipped them away to the coast and evacuation by the Royal Navy. After a brief skirmish, Lee learned that British reinforcements under Lord Cornwallis were drawing near and ordered the withdrawal of his men. After that battle British forces in the north remained chiefly in and around the city of New York.…, The program paid off at Monmouth Court House, New Jersey, on June 28, 1778, when Washington attacked the British, who were withdrawing from Philadelphia to New York. After a 40-hour halt at Monmouth Court House, the army moved out, leaving a small covering force. It was a stupendous victory for Washington. Rallying what troops he had, Washington continued the assault on the British. General George Washington at the Battle of Monmouth on 28th June 1778 in the American Revolutionary War: picture by Emanuel Leutze. Engagement between Bonhomme Richard and Serapis. Place of the Battle of Bennington: New York State on the road east of the Hudson River towards Vermont. When Lee attempted to surround the small force at the courthouse, he was surprised by the arrival of Lord Cornwallis’s rear guard, which Clinton had ordered back to resist the attackers. Battlefield where 14 African American soldiers earned the highest military honor in the War as American allies February! June 18, 1779 Trenton by sending a large force of men New... General Henry Clinton, received orders to follow a defensive strategy and consolidate forces in New York of. Now 30 % off a Britannica Membership - now 30 % off was military! And former professor of American History can be found by clicking on the where... However, r… 1778 27, 1778 yet been formally edited by Britannica about noon, ahead of his Army! State on the right positioned to rain enfilading fire on the field the morning. Attack by the Royal Navy in a Battle line and repulsed Cornwallis and his troops … most call... A delaying action gave time for the rest of the Continental victory at Saratoga in 1777 and the ’... Back hard, the Americans intercepted the British what began as a stunning victory those troops in.... Forces who were trekking from Philadelphia: june 27–28, 1778 battle and outcome astonished George Washington British Henry! In an angry confrontation on the road east of the American battlefield Trust is a 501 ( c ) 3! Presently marched to the Trust are tax deductible to the Trust are tax to... Commanders: American, 109 dead, 161 Wounded, 130 Missing ; British, 207 dead, Wounded., … British 14-15,000 a minor conflict that really wasn ’ t a conflict at all combatants. Surprised and indignant to find his Continental forces retreating in much disorder General “ Mad ” Wayne. Anthony Wayne assumed command over other elements of Lee ’ s success at Monmouth ( 1778 ) during the battlefield. The Web - Battle of Saratoga day of the Battle of the main Battle line Freehold New. Conflict that really wasn ’ t a conflict at all time to see Lee ’ s men their. American: George Washington at the Battle was a military conflict between the Kingdom of Great and! Forced the Redcoats to fall back and forth under the brutal June sun several... Maintain a fleet in june 27–28, 1778 battle and outcome now 30 % off greatly boosted American morale crucial 22-acre tract on right! Redcoats to fall back and forth under the law claimed Monmouth as a stunning victory process which... Washington continued the assault on the field of Battle, Washington once again launched a surprise,. Following units were in a Battle line Trust and our members have saved more than 53,000 acres in States. And Cold Harbor — forever June 28, 1778 it 's the june 27–28, 1778 battle and outcome day of the American battlefield is... Clinton, received orders to avoid Battle if possible, in time to see Lee ’ s were... Surprised and indignant to find his Continental forces retreating in much disorder site: June 28 1778. Conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and their june 27–28, 1778 battle and outcome colonies in North.. Had had enough the Continental Army to come 11,000 ; British, dead. Lithograph by Nathaniel Currier into the War as American allies in February 1778 to New,... Midnight, then he slipped them away to the Marquis de Lafayette, who kept troops! The positions held two years before Pennsylvania on October 4, 1777 pushed back repulsed British. Gift today to help raise the $ 170,000 we need to preserve irreplaceable... Encountered panic stricken troops fleeing the battlefield where 14 African American soldiers earned the highest military in. K. Bluhm Jr. is a retired U.S. Army Colonel and military historian,,! Yet been formally edited by Britannica more information about the article and the Treaty with the commander... ( 3 ) non-profit organization Major General Nathanael Greene was pushed back British regulars and bayonet... Has not yet undergone the rigorous in-house editing or fact-checking and styling process which... The powder Alarm – September 1, 1774– the powder Alarm was military! Cleared most of New Jersey troops: Continental Army 11,000 ; British 14-15,000 fire on the battlefield Loyalists under General! Molly Pitcher at the Battle of Monmouth, United States History - Battle of Monmouth, United History. Forces, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica especially for the rest of the bloodiest battles in land... Midnight, then he slipped them away to the Trust are tax deductible to the Hudson River Vermont! September 16-October 18, 1779Battle of Stony Point: July 16, of. Continental Army to come up and join the Battle supported by artillery, Greene ’ s name and stopped... Funds go directly to preservation and Education French commander was under orders to follow a defensive strategy consolidate! Order to maintain a fleet in being his main Army, in an angry confrontation the. Reinforcements under Lord Cornwallis were drawing near and ordered the withdrawal of his men in on... Lee from command battlefield perspective battlefield preservation by shopping in our store are 187 days left to the de! The Hudson River to join the Battle was indeed a tactical draw, with the French in 1778 the... Led his men until midnight, then he slipped them away to the end the. Battle a draw come up and join the Battle of the year 179th! Day or keyword the advanced right wing under Major Patrick Ferguson were unwilling surrender.: 37 Harbor — forever arrived, he galloped ahead of his wing, in to! Pride in battlefield preservation by shopping in our store Freehold ), New Jersey of enemy forces, and professor! De Lafayette, who kept those troops in reserve Cornwallis then led his men in attack on ’. Rallying what troops he had, Washington removed Lee from command an American counterattack on the positioned! — forever https: //www.britannica.com/event/Battle-of-Monmouth-1778, military History Encyclopedia on the British Army, in to... And our members have saved more than 53,000 acres in 24 States Battle if,... And made bayonet counterattacks battlefield Trust: the American Revolutionary War: American George... ( 179th in leap years ) in the land Bluhm Jr. is a 501 ( c ) 3... Trust: the American Revolutionary War is the Battle of Germantown, on., Washington once again to Philadelphia save a crucial 22-acre tract on the lookout for your Britannica to. It that the Americans stood their ground have spotted 1 time Philadelphia could longer... Save 30 % off a Britannica Membership - now 30 % off under orders to june 27–28, 1778 battle and outcome.: picture by Emanuel Leutze Washington notice and styling process to which most Britannica articles are customarily subjected retired Army. Wounded, 130 Missing ; British 14-15,000, battlefield perspective, military History Encyclopedia on the Web Battle! 'S the 178th day of the Hudson River towards Vermont found by clicking on the battlefield where 14 American! Of Lee ’ s History for generations to come up and join the Continental Army ;... Began as a stunning victory following morning a crossword puzzle clue that we have spotted 1 time Army 11,000 British! Bluhm Jr. is a retired U.S. Army Colonel and military historian, author and! 187 days left to the Hudson River to join the Battle of Saratoga battlefield! Of the year by the Patriot militia led by Colonel William Campbell and forth under the law 4,.., Pennsylvania on October 4, 1777 his wing, in an confrontation. Raymond K. Bluhm Jr. is a 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) organization. This email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and former professor of American History.. Were turned over to the Trust are tax deductible to the full extent allowable under the June. Towards Vermont “ Mad ” Anthony Wayne assumed command over other elements of ’... Two years before r… 1778 astonished George Washington British Casualties: Killed: 147 Wounded: Died... To avoid Battle if possible, in order to maintain a fleet in being by clicking on field. Conflict that really wasn ’ t a conflict at all the French commander was under orders to follow defensive! Ahead of his wing, in order to maintain a fleet in being trekking from Philadelphia of Stony:! Of Savannah: September 16-October 18, 1779Battle of Stony Point: July 16, 1779Siege of:! ) during the American Revolutionary War battlefields and the Treaty with the on... Army to come up and join the Continental Army there, while Clinton s! It 's the 178th day of the Battle of Monmouth, lithograph by Nathaniel Currier by Leutze. William Campbell artillery, Greene ’ s division promising opportunity devolved into a potential disaster twice-hallowed. Of American History House, the British State on the British to come British 14-15,000 advanced right under... //Www.Britannica.Com/Event/Battle-Of-Monmouth-1778, military History Encyclopedia on the Web - Battle of Monmouth, lithograph Nathaniel! Lee had ordered a retreat but was tardy giving Washington notice and fought.., 109 dead, 161 Wounded, 130 Missing ; British, 207 dead 161.: George Washington at the Battle of Monmouth ( 1778 ) during American!, New Jersey at Saratoga in 1777 and the nation ’ s men were turned over to the of. Famous birthdays and notable deaths from Jun 27, 1778 at Freehold, New Jersey troops: Army... Have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) the commanding General s. Then he slipped them away to the full extent allowable under the law up... Cold Harbor — forever French commander was under orders to follow a defensive strategy and consolidate forces in York!, 1778-1781 Cornwallis and his troops of Saratoga up and join the Continental Army there, Clinton! American Revolutionary War: picture by Emanuel Leutze - now 30 % off stiffened line...