of criteria having to do with such matters as employee health, safety and training; Thus some animals such as the camel and rabbits are halal, but not kosher. Israel, saying, These are the beasts which you shall eat among all the beasts that are Deep ecumenism recognizes that as human beings, souls in evolution, we are all part of a shared planet, a living organism. Kashrut allows alcohol, as Haaretz newspaper reported a fascinating story of a devout Israeli Jew and a devout Palestinian Muslim who went into business together running a restaurant serving halal and kosher food. ... Kashrut refers to the laws pertaining to food in the Jewish religion. Deep ecumenism is the opposite of tribal xenophobia and religious fundamentalism. Mixing dairy and meat is prohibited in kosher foods, but is not an issue in halal. correspondance, May 6, 2009. The climate has been ripe for a new earth-based, value-based ethic of kashrut. Approaching kashrut from this point of view, I begin with the assumption that Judaism and Islam both share beliefs about and sacred practices related to food preparation and eating. Three months later Amla, the Palestinian Muslim called Sasi Haba, whose family owned a restaurant in Mahaneh Yehuda market in Jerusalem, and arranged for the two of them to meet, and eventually suggested to Haba that he join him in moving to Montreal, Canada and opening up a restaurant. Policy in American Reform Judaism” American Jewish Archives Journal 57,1-2 (2005) 29-52. Regenstein, M.M. Because kashrut prohibits gelatin from pigs, it would be halal to eat it. 42 Personal phone conversation with Rene Kroll, Union Manager, Dining Services, Mount Holyoke College, May 5, Hence, it attempts to demonstrate a close similarity al. 20 Avram Israel Reisner, Hekhsher Tzedek – Al Pi Din (New York: Hekhsher Tzedek Commission of the Rabbinical Halal food is food permitted for consumption according to the Islamic dietary law as dictated by the Quran. differences between kashrut and halal, at least with regard to the eating of animal products. religion is being re-formatted so as to be in alignment with religious and spiritual values that support the well-being of the planet. These negotiations can take the form of what was done in Virginia, colobbying government authorities for consumer protection. - Kashrut requires both cloven hooves & chewing cud. 17:10-14), Forbidden to you (for food) ……..blood (Qur’an 5:3). command according to His will and plan. 14:11-18), … someone in ihram [sacred state a Muslim must enter to perform major or minor The rapidity of the approval process is itself significant, highlighting the priority ethical kashrut has assumed in the American Jewish community. We can imagine that repeatedly during this time, Jews and Muslims had opportunities to share As part of a long-standing strategy to guard against assimilation, non-Jewish wine, oil, bread, and cooked foods were all declared off-limits for the Jew. And in the Jewish world “Maimonides (Responsum 269, Blau 515-16) states that “the Sages of the West” would quickly mix honey into their wine when Christians and Muslims approached so that they could all drink together, implying that such commensual interaction was not unusual in Spain.”38 No doubt there is a richness of wisdom to be mined from a study of food practices between Muslims, Christians and Jews during this period of history. 7 Among the conferences: Food, The Earth and Jewish Ethics Conference at Bethesda-Chevy Chase High School We have provided for your sustenance, but commit no excess therein” (Qur’an 20:81). “JRF Conference Call, “Greening Synagogues and Living a Sustainable Life Rooted in Jewish Values” (June 6, But I guess not. (Original article(s) published in Tikkun, January/February 1988, March/April 1988.). This was clearly to be a meal of comfort and reconciliation. 23 Ibid. As it turns out, the meal Jacob had cooked was not just an ordinary lentil stew. 33 Harold Kushner, To Life! I cannot imagine a Jewish person who does observe kashrut accepting halal in the absence of kosher meat. This will required collaborative work between organizations in the Jewish community and in the Muslim community. In addition to the Hekhsher Tzedek Al Pi Din document rationalizing issues of ethical kashrut in traditional sources, the Commission also created Policy Statement and Working Guidelines21 for implementing a process of evaluating kashrut based upon ethical standards, giving consideration to all those areas of inquiry mentioned above. Most likely it will need to be a product certification that does not include meat. As a safeguard against intermarriages!” Tractate Shabbat 17b speaks of this decree as being one of the eighteen decrees issued by Hillel and Shammai, considered to be quite stringent and difficult, if notimpossible, to rescind.24. Regenstein, “The Kosher and Halal Food Laws” Comprehensive We need a new ethic for living in a global society to help us think about kashrut and the sharing 22 http://magentzedek.org/ 3 Nancy Fuchs-Kreimer, “Teaching Islam to Rabbinical Students” The Reconstructionist Vol. We need a new ethic for living in a global society to help us think about kashrut and the sharing of food in an inter-religious context. Jewish Musuem, 1992). cud; it is unclean to you. Foods not considered halal are known are as haraam, an Arabic term meaning "forbidden". The Quran only explicitly prohibits pork and animals that have claws are implicitly prohibited implying that human beings can eat such animals as camels (Alon et.al. certification, but augment it. SHARING OF SACRED FOOD AND NEW DIRECTIONS FOR Many wells but one river. See http://www.projectabraham.org.au/files/projectabrahambookletapril2007.pdf After breathing his last at a good old Through the lobbying efforts of Chabad Lubavitch of Northern Virginia, in collaboration with the Muslim community, legislation was created to guarantee “that any food offered as sale for kosher or halal be labeled with the name of the person or organization certifying the item kosher or halal.”43. (Qur’an 5:1), These shall you eat of all that are in the waters; whatever has fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, those shall you eat. 4th Rosh Hashanah as the Crisis Sharpens Still More (2003). Food deemed unclean for consumption is known as treifah, which literally means torn or mortally wounded. It is a statement of the obvious to say relations between the descendents of Isaac 14 An early article written was Aaron Gross, “When Kosher Isn’t Kosher” Tikkun, No. Sales and marketing of both halal and kosher products is continuing to grow significantly. The term that appears frequently in Qur’an is Halal-un-Tayyaban, that which is “permitted, and good or wholesome”. Through interpretation and I don’t know if this will ever happen, and yet the hope that perhaps Jews and Muslims can make peace in the Holy Land, and throughout the world has motivated me totake on this research topic. According to David Friedenreich, a scholar of Jewish, Christian and Muslim food practices, generally Muslim authorities of the Middle Ages accepted all Jewish food (except, of course, foods containing alcohol) as permissible for Muslim consumption. Kashrut prohibits all forms of shellfish; some but not all Muslims will eat shellfish. Regenstein, M.M. food chain, with a symbol of certification While exact numbers are difficult to ascertain2, today there are approximately 5 to 8 million Muslims in America. Foods such as pork and shellfish are strictly forbidden. food traditions found in Judaism and Islam. served matzas and the everyday practice is to play Arab music.40, Reading the story of this restaurant, in a beloved neighborhood in my hometown of Montreal, I But it was what transpired after the release of PETA’s undercover video footage of Aaron Rubashkin’s Iowa kosher slaughterhouse practices that catapulted Reb Zalman’s eco-kashrut vision into the forefront of Jewish community life.14, In May 2006 an article in The Forward by Nathaniel Popper15 exposing abuses at Agriprocessors, Inc. meat-processing plant, brought into public view an awareness of unethical, illegal and questionably halakhic practices at the country’s largest kosher slaughterhouse. Kosher allows alcohol, requires deveining and blood draining, and prohibits shellfish. No it’s not a joke – it’s a true story! 34-48. W0QQitemZ170326320843QQcmdZViewItemQQimsxZ20090429?IMSfp=TL090429123001r1764. It is obviously happening. Let's Eat! Gelatin is considered Kosher (regardless of its origin, even from non-Kosher animals). PHI 352 Jacob’s stew was a healing meal With regard to halal foods, even though most of the 6-8 million Muslims in America observe There are numerous similarities between halal and kashrut. This is a well-researched article on Kashrut and Halal foods, the guidelines that guide Jews and Muslims on their dietary practices. On October 16, 2006 Governor Tim Kaine, of Virginia, in the presence of underlying approach to kashrut that can encourage conversation among Jews and between Jews and Muslims about ways to share sacred food that is both halal and kosher at the same time. Much of Waskow’s vision of ethical kashrut is articulated in his 1995 book Arthur Waskow, Down-to-Earth Judaism – Food, Sex, Money and the Rest of Life.8, Around the same time, a Jewish environmental movement, while not specifically focused on kashrut, began bringing into awareness issues of bal tashchit, environmental impact, sustainability, etc. The term that appears According to another article in a local Halal requires that an animal have split hooves. Christians and Muslims, Jews and Hindus, and nonbelievers. That is deep ecumenism.27, Deep ecumenism emphasizes the shared truths rather than differences between religions. KASHRUT AND HALAL: SIMILARITIES AS FOUND IN THE SACRED TEXTS. I offer this as “an imagistic collage” of opportunities and possibilities for Jewish-Muslim sharing of food, and inter-religious healing. 2008). I would hope to see the day when there can be a joint Halal-Kosher certification, HK. See also There are reasons for such prevention at one time in history, but when those reasons do not exist, prevention does not make any sense, particularly in case of marriage after childbearing age. 8 Arthur Waskow, Down-to-Earth Judaism. On Passover they Hinei matov u’manayim, shevet akhim gam yakhad. [ED. 2 (2003) 111-127. Kerry Orlitsky’s Jewish Outreach Institute: http://joi.org/qa/index.shtml; and Kerry M. Olitzky and Joan This is a list of fish considered halal according to the Muslim as well as being kosher according to Jews as per the kashrut dietary laws in the halakha of rabbinic Judaism.. None other than his father Isaac and his Uncle Ishmael. Sponsored by Am Kolel in co-operation with Shomrei Adamah DC, Jewish Vegetarians of North America, It is an attitude towards inter-religious understanding that assumes divine wisdom has manifested over time in all cultures, all religions.”. Halal does not have any such restrictions. Kashrut is stricter, requiring mammals both Over the past three years all denominations – but especially the Conservative and Reform movements, which comprise over 50% of the affiliated Jewish community – have begun thinking about kashrut in a broader sense, encompassing both ethical and halakhic standards in determining what constitutes kosher. 46 Telephone conversation with Dr. Farhat Quadri, Director of Community Service, Islamic Food and Nutrition between laws of kashrut and laws of halal. 6 Arthur Waskow, “Down-to-Earth Judaism – Food, Sex and Money” in Tikkun .. to heal, repair and transform the world, edited by Michael Lerner (Oakland: Tikkun Books, 1992). And, we might assume that as mourners sharing of sacred food they were brought more closely together in their grief and loss. Halal vs. Kosher Are halal and kosher the same thing? One River, Many Wells: Wisdom Springing from Global Faiths (Los Angles: Jeremy Tarcher, 2002) p. 5. Similarly I was able to find online other food products advertising both others. Speaker, Thinker, Writer, Pluralist, Socialist, Interfaith Speaker, Muslim Speaker. Well, indeed, but not in the way the court meant. FROM THE TEXTS TO THE TABLE: JEWS AND MUSLIMS SHARING FOOD AND FOOD CONCERNS. According to Rene Kroll, Union Manager at Mount Holyoke College, there continue to be challenges in working with the Jewish and Muslim at students and faculty.42 But the Wilder kosherhalal Dining Hall has successfully been in operation for the past eight years, with every product served acceptable under the dietary rules of Torah and halakha, Qu’ran and shari’a. Halal and kashrut are comparable, albeit notably different, systems for sacralizing the human encounter with food. And at this critical juncture in human history we need each other for the healing of our planet. This is due . He has only forbidden you… the flesh of the swine. Rabbi Arthur Waskow took Reb Zalman’s visionary idea, and ran with it. My GOD she is stupid. Regenstein, “Kosher and halal in the biotechnology era” Applied Biotechnology, Food and Science Policy, I, 2 (2003) 95-107. Kashrut prohibits all forms of shellfish; some but not all Muslims will eat shellfish. yourselves and those who travel. Above all, the point here is that we do have historical precedents for Jews and Muslims finding A shouting match ensued, and Haba, who was standing nearby decided to intervene. Foods that were prohibited, included: 1. As a step in that direction, and by way of conclusion, I advocate the following: There is a complexity in many of the details of laws of kashrut and halal. You may eat any animal that has a split hoof divided in two and that chews the cud. By SanFranciscoZionist. HALAL AND KASHRUT – DUAL CERTIFICATION? 2 http://www.religioustolerance.org/isl_numb.htm. Developments in the eco-kashrut movement illustrate clearly how in our age even mainstream religion is being re-formatted so as to be in alignment with religious and spiritual values that support the well-being of the planet. Kosher and halal are mainly associated with the food of Muslims and Jewish people. Unfortunately, the phone number I had was no longer associated with the restaurant. Similar lobbying has taken place in New Jersey and New York. But I am inspired by this story. What ever parts the hoof, and is cloven footed, and chews the cud, 17 According to Rabbi Morris Allen, he first spoke publically about Hekhsher Tzedek on Yom Kippur 2006 when 310). This was clearly to As a adjective kosher is (of food) prepared in … And all that have not fins and scales in the seas, and in the rivers, of all that move in the waters, and of any living thing which is in the waters, they shall be an abomination to you (Lev. Foods that is not permissible is called haram meaning unlawful or prohibited. (Lev. KASHRUT AND HALAL: SIMILARITIES AS FOUND IN THE SACRED TEXTS. It evokes an image of deep healing between Muslims and Jews. September 2006). As the Magen, Tzedek website indicates: 11:10-11), Lawful to you is the pursuit of water-game and its use for food,- for the benefit of yourselves and those who travel. Foods that is not permissible is called haram meaning unlawful or prohibited.The word” Kosher”, meaning proper or fit, originates from the Hebrew word “Kashrut”. 35 Email correspondence with Dr. Khalid Blankinship, May 4, 2009. among the beasts, that shall you eat. 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